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عنوان اصلی: نقش عوامل زباني در فرايند پردازش ساخت‌هاي موصولي در بزرگسالان فارسي‌زبان بر پايه تكنيك خواندن خودگام
عنوان: :The Role of Linguistic Factors in Processing Relative Constructions in Persian-Speaking Adults Based on Self-Paced Reading Technique
پدیدآورندگان : ‏شهره صادقي‏ (پديدآور)
دانشگاه علامه طباطبائي (پديدآور)
نوع : متن
جنس : مقاله
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چاپ
صاحب محتوا :

کتابخانه دیجیتالی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی (ره)

توصیفگر : زبان فارسي
Persian language
عوامل درون‌جمله‌اي
تكنيك خواندن خودگام
نظريه انتظارات گفتماني
contextual factors
intra-sentential factors
سرعت پردازش
عوامل بافتي
persian language
self-paced reading technique
discourse expectations theory
subject and object relative constructions
processing speed
وضعیت نشر : تهران : : دانشگاه علامه طباطبائي ، ، ۱۳۹۹
مشخصات فیزیکی : س،۲۶۰ص. : دیجیتالی، پی دی اف
خلاصه : Numerous studies in different languages have shown that, in general, subject relative clauses (SRCs) are easier and faster to process than object relative clauses (ORCs). However, there are factors causing an increase in the processing speed of ORCs as compared to SRCs. The general aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the processing speed of Persian SRCs and ORCs according to intra-sentential and extra-sentential factors by conducting three self-paced reading tasks, an online software technique in psycholinguistics, and also to determine which of the memory-based, frequency-based, meaning-based and discourse-based approaches to the processing of the RCs could provide a more accurate explanation for the processing speed of the constructions in question. The approach of the present study was quantitative and its type was experimental-applied which was done using DMDX software. The experiments of this study were designed based on the research tests of Ronald et.al. (2012). The experiments were presented in a linear, noncumulative, moving window procedure with phrase-by-phrase segmentation. 40 monolingual, Persian-speaking normal adults in the age range of 20-25 years participated in the three experiments. The subjects were all undergraduate students. Statistical data of the first experiment showed that the processing speed of the pronominal ORCs was significantly more than the processing speed of the full NP SRCs, pronominal SRCs and full NP ORCs. In the second experiment, it was found that processing full NP ORCs preceded by a topic context was significantly faster than SRCs preceded by a neutral context, SRCs preceded by a topic context and ORCs preceded by a neutral context, respectively. Also, statistical data of the third experiment indicated that the processing speed of the full NP ORCs preceded by a topic context was significantly higher than that of the ORCs preceded by a given or neutral context. Moreover, in all the three experiments, the increase in processing speed was evident in the RCs internal categories, i.e. embedded NP and RC verb regions, but no increase in speed was observed in the main clause verb region. Therefore, considering the results of the three experiments, it can be concluded that pronominal embedded NP in the ORCs and also full embedded NP of the ORCs in the role of topic/subject in the preceding context has rendered the processing of the ORCs faster as compared to the other SRCs and ORCs. Based on the theoretical analyses, it can be claimed that among the different approaches to RC processing, discourse-based approach and what are referred to as discourse expectations theory, topichood hypothesis and accessibility theory could provide a more precise explanation for the differences in the processing speed of SRCs and ORCs due to discourse status and information structure of their embedded NPs. Overall, the findings of the present study, in line with similar studies conducted in other languages, showed that the relative constructions processing is affected by a range of within-sentence and contextual factors, and the processing difficulties of the ORCs decrease and their processing speed increases due to fulfilling comprehenders discourse expectations.
یادداشت :
/ شهره صادقی
عنوان از روی صفحه نمایش عنوان
کتابنامه: ص.۲۰۹-۲۲۳
ملزومات سیستم: ویندوز xp+ ، ادوب اکروبات ریدر 9+ ، موزیلا فایر فاکس 23+ ، اینترنت اکسپلورر 9+ ، گوگل کروم 23+
شناسه : 798149
تاریخ ایجاد رکورد : 1399/8/1
قیمت شيء دیجیتال : فاقد شيء دیجیتالی


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